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18 Mar 2013 | Jim Pivarski | Physics
Sometimes, everyday words are co-opted by scientists and used as technical terms. One of these is the word “berry”. Talking to a botanist friend of mine, I learned that tomatoes are berries, but strawberries are not — the scientific meaning of a...
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15 Mar 2013 | Achintya Rao | Physics
Following the results presented at the electroweak session of the annual winter conference, Rencontres de Moriond, CMS has now presented many new results for this week’s quantum chromodynamics (QCD) session. The results include many searches for new...
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05 Mar 2013 | Achintya Rao | Physics
CMS is presenting a wide range of results for the annual winter conference, Rencontres de Moriond. The first week of Moriond — 3–8 March — is devoted primarily to electroweak (EW) studies. Among the CMS results are further studies of the recently...
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18 Jan 2013 | Achintya Rao | Physics
The new year brings a new type of collision at the LHC: the accelerator will smash protons and lead nuclei together, allowing CMS and the other LHC experiments to study the cold nuclear matter we expect these collisions to produce. Although we...
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18 Dec 2012 | Achintya Rao | Physics
In 2011, CMS presented early evidence that Upsilon (Υ) particles produced in lead-lead collisions “melt” as a consequence of interacting with the hot nuclear matter created in these heavy-ion interactions. CMS has since updated and extended this...
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10 Dec 2012 | Achintya Rao | Physics
In the vast particle landscape, there are, to borrow a phrase, known knowns (the Standard Model, for example), unknown unknowns (exotic extensions of the Standard Model and beyond), and those ever-interesting known unknowns. A recent CMS observation...
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22 Nov 2012 | Achintya Rao | Physics
At the Hadron Collider Physics (HCP) Symposium held in Kyoto, Japan on 12–16 November 2012, CMS presented many new results, including updates on the search for the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson as well as Supersymmetry (SUSY). Several of these...
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30 Oct 2012 | Pedro Vieira De Castro Ferreira Da Silva | Physics
Amongst all known elementary particles, the top quark is peculiar: weighing as much as a Tungsten atom, it completes the so-called 3rd generation of quarks and is the only quark whose properties can be directly measured. Owing to its mass, the top...
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22 Oct 2012 | Wei Li | Physics
CMS has published its first paper on proton-lead (pPb) collisions, describing the observation of a phenomenon that was previously seen first in nucleus-nucleus collisions but also detected by CMS in proton-proton (pp) collisions. The effect is a...
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17 Oct 2012 | Jim Pivarski | Physics
All of the atoms in our bodies are made of electrons, protons and neutrons, and the protons and neutrons can be further broken down into quarks. Fundamentally, then, we are made of only two types of particles: electrons and quarks. But what do these...
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08 Oct 2012 | Achintya Rao | Physics
Our best understanding of the early Universe tells us that a dense medium, known as the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), existed in the first microseconds after the big bang. These early-Universe conditions can be mimicked in particle colliders by smashing...
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13 Aug 2012 | Lucas Taylor | Physics
The Quark Matter 2012 conference, held in Washington DC from 13-18 August 2012, brings together experimental and theoretical experts in the area of heavy-ion physics. This week, the CMS collaboration is presenting many exciting new results using...
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