The Year-End Technical Stop or YETS, when the LHC takes its annual break, seemed like a quiet time to those outside CERN. After all, there were no collisions taking place and the CMS detector was not operating 24-hours-a-day, seven-days-a-week.
As high-energy particle physics pushes exploration at energy and luminosity frontiers, experiments are becoming increasingly complex – and this, in turn, drives the need for developments in particle detectors and their associated technologies.
Results are presented from a search for heavy bottom-like quarks, produced in pairs in pp collisions at √s = 7 TeV, undertaken with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The b′ quarks are assumed to decay exclusively to a top quark and a W boson (tW).
The LHC provides CMS with millions of collisions each second, and a wealth of physics data is obtained from the proton-proton interactions. In order to record all these data for analyses, all CMS sub-detectors have to be performing optimally.
“If you remember, Mark Twain once said, ‘There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics.’ If you use statistics in an improper way, you could get pretty much any result,” says Greg Landsberg, CMS’s new physics coordinator.